Lets start with commands. In any training program the commands are the key. Choose commands that do not confuse. These are the main commands I use. Continue reading “General training”
Tea Cup is a variety of Chihuahua:
False- Chihuahuas only come in 2 varieties. The varieties of Chihuahuas are based on coat only. Smooth Coat and Long Coat.
Deer Style is a style of Chihuahua:
False- This is just a name someone came up with to describe a Chihuahua that is slight in bone, leggy and has a narrower head/muzzle than stated in the Chihuahua standard.
A bitch has to have one litter before she is spayed.
False-There is not scientific proof that a bitches physical or mental being would benefit or be hindered if spayed without having a litter.
It is a good idea not to breed a bitch before her 3rd heat cycle:
True-Some bitches just are not mature enough before their 3rd heat to raise and care for a litter, let alone know what is going on during whelp.
If I breed my bitch to a small male, she will be fine.
False- Breeding to a small male will not guarantee small puppies. To know what he may throw in size, you will have to look at the sires own sire and dam and also his grandsire and granddam.
Temperament is 50% genetic 50% environment.
True- A lot of people think a dog is born mean, but a lot of dogs are taught that or conditioned to be that way. You can have a dog that acts mean, but if you teach them you are alpha, they will learn not to act that way. If you start a puppy off young and expose it to the world, you will have a very well behaved, happy socialized dog. I have heard people say it is so cute to see a Chihuahua act like a Great Dane. They won’t be thinking that when the dog bites someone and winds up in Quarantine or in the jaws of a larger dog.
Chihuahuas don’t need grooming
False-while short haired chihuahuas don’t need haircutting, their long haired pals actually need to. It is done to prevent mats and to keep the coat in prime condition. You can take the dog to a professional groomer or do a quick trimming yourself (only if you have experience) using proper grooming or thinning shears for dogs
Chihuahuas only shake out of fear.
False- A vet once told me to imagine having the nervous system of a Great Dane all wound up in a tiny body and that is what you have in small breeds. Chihuahuas will also shake if they are chilled.
AKC and CKC work together
False- AKC and CKC are two separate registries. A dogs registered AKC if bred to a dog registered CKC can not be registered
- Want the kids to experience birth. Hope you also want them to experience death, mummified puppies, deformed puppies…etc..
- She has to have one litter before we spay her. Old wives tale. There is no medical/mental benefit to breeding a bitch before spaying.
- I want another one just like her. It ain’t going to happen. It is genetically impossible. You may get one that looks like her, but it will carry its’ sires genes also. You have a better chance by going back to the breeder you got her from and seeing if she has repeated that breeding.
When lead breaking, it isn’t important which side your dog is walking on. Always start off with your dog on your left side, but don’t worry if she crosses in front or back, as long as he/she is walking. I don’t lead break with treats. I use lots of praise and patting. When teaching your dog to walk on lead, don’t face your dog. With a short pull, release on the lead, say your dog’s name and then heal. “Toby heal.” Don’t drag your dog, he/she will only resist more. When your dog takes a couple steps on his/her own, praise like crazy, talking and reassuring the whole time. This will help build his/her confidence and trust in you. For a stubborn puppy, lead break in the grass so he/she won’t skin his/her pads. Even without dragging, the short pull release, on a dog that is fighting it, can cause pad burns if done on concrete. Remember not to face or make eye contact when walking. You can glance at him/her at any time, but try not to let him/her see you are doing it. Eye to eye contact can be intimidating or challenging. Stop every once in awhile and just let him/her look around. Some dogs will walk around, others will just stand there. While you’re standing there, you can love on him/her and show him/her he/she is ok and that you are not trying to kill him/her. I squat down and see if he/she will jump on my legs. Any voluntary movement on his/her part, with the lead on, is positive. Once your dog is walking on lead for a week or more, then you start teaching the correct position on your left side. When teaching any commands that require movement of some sort on your dog’s part, always say your dog’s name first, before the command. When telling your dog to stay, requiring no movement, do not use his/her name.
The research of Scott and Fuller, Clarence Pfaffenger, William Campbell and others, showed that temperwnent is composed of a nwnber of traits, such as dominant versus submissive, independent versus socially attracted. These traits are observable and measurable- The various combinatioons of these traits is what makes some dogs more tempmentally suited for certain tasks and enviromnunents than others.
The tendency for these traits is heredity. If it were not, we would not have the number of breeds we have today. For example, it’s easier to teach a Greyhound to chase rabbits than to retrieve ducks because the Greyhound has been genetically selected for the instinct to chase rather than to retrieve.
However, enviroment has a tremendous influence on these traits. As research by Scott and Fuller indicates, the enviroment influences the puppy as early as three to 12 weeks. These early development stages are the same in all dogs regardless of breed. Traumatic events during a critical period may have a lasting influence on the dog. TRAINING CAN MODIFY THE EFFECTS OF TRAUMATIC EVENTS, BUT THE DOG MAY NEVER REACH HIS TRUE POTENTIAL.
Research by William Campbell devised a test to select puppies most likely to be a good family pet. Clarence Pfaffenberger developed tests to select puppies most likely to become responsible guide dogs for the blind, and Elliot Humphrey and Lucien Warner designed test to select puppies for the working German Shepherd Dogs.
Using items from these tests, Jack and Wendy Volhard trainers devised a system in the early seventies to select puppies with the greatest obedience potential. They also found it useful in matching the right puppy to the right owner.
Of course another application can be selecting those dogs that are temperamentally suited to become show dogs, perhaps going on to a long and demanding career as a specials dog. As these dogs must travel a great deal, spend many hours in crates or small x-pens and often times away from their owners, ft stands to reason they should be those dogs that have the temperaments to withstand such stress.
The tests attached here for your information have beenn modified several times over the years. A word of caution, The PAT is not without flaws. Puppies sometimes give responses which are not on the test. Depending on the amount of knowledge of dog behavior the tester has, these responses may be difficult to score. Also, some people have difficulty in giving the test correctly. For example, on the retrieving subtest, if the test tosses the crumpled up paper 12 feet away instead of four feet away, ft may be out of range of the puppy’s vision.
A film of Wendy Volhard testing a litter of Newfoundlands was made. The 20 minute movie complete with soundtrack, playable on any Super 8 projector(1980) was entitled PUPPY APITUDE TESTING and it won the Dog Writer’s Award for Best Film About Dogs in 1980. This film was available through the Newfoundland Club of America. I do not know if it is still available, perhaps in a new fonnat, but if interested you should contact the club.
Several articles have been written and published in the GAZETTE by Melissa Bartlett on the subject. Those used in this presentation were”A Novice Looks at Puppy Apitude Testing,” March 1979, ‘Puppy Apitude Testing”, March 1985, “Puppy Aptitude Testing for Competition”, February 1987, and “Follow-Up: Puppy Apitude Testing”, May 1987. Reprints of all of these article are available by contacting the AKC GAZETTE
Puppy testing helps to pick the puppy which will best suit the owner’s purpose. For example, a very quiet submissive puppy may become an excellent child’s pet but may not be a good choice for the breed ring where a more energetic, bold animal will show the best. It can also help in training animals occasionally in giving the owner some insight into their puppy’s behavior. For example, one owner had difficulty housetraining his Cocker Spaniel. The puppy turned out to be extremely submissive. By scolding the puppy, the authority figure, the owner, caused the little dog to urinate submissively. Therefore by understanding his dog’s temperament, he was able to learm more effective, less authoriatarian methods of training his dog.
If the combination of traits which a dog has fits in with his owner’s lifestyle and purposes, that owner is very likely to say his dog has good temperament. Of course, the best matched puppy in the world still needs training, proper environment and lots of TLC to reach his potential. NO DOG CAN FULFILL HIS POTENTIAL IF HE’S NEGLECTED.
The New Concise Chart and Score Sheet
|Test and Purpose||Score||Comments|
Purpose: Degree of Attraction to people
Method: Place pup in testing area 4 feet
Purpose: Degree of willingness to follow
Method: Stand up and walk away from
Purpose: Degree of dominance or submission;
Method: Gently roll pup on its back and
Purpose: Degree of acceptance of human
Method: Pup sit facing tester at a 45 angle.
Purpose: Degree of accepting dominance
Method: Cradle the pup under its belly,
|Retrieving(Obedience and Aptitude)
Purpose: Degree of willingness to work with
Method: Attract pups attention with crumpled
Purpose: Degree of sensitivity to touch.
Method: Take webbing of one front foot and
Purpose: Degree of sensitivity to sound.
Method: Place pup in center of testing area
Purpose: Degree of response to moving
Method: Tie a string around a towel and drag
Purpose: Degree of intelligent response to
Method: Place pup in center of testing area.
|*note:Puppies frequently startle
upon seeing the umbrella open.
Score the pup’s response after
the umbrella is set down.
Purpose: Degree of physical energy
Method: Observe pup on the other sudtests
Crate training is the easiest and fastest way to house break a puppy or dog. It is not “mean” to keep a dog in a crate when you are unable to monitor it’s actions. In fact, it is, actually, safer. Most dogs accept the crate as their own room.
If you leave the crate door open during the time the dog is not in it, they may still get in it for comfort and security. The key to crate training is letting the dog out as soon as you wake or get home. Do not let the dog sit in the kennel while you stir about. Before leaving or going to bed, always let the dog outside to do his/her business. When you see them go, make a big deal out of it. Tell them how good they are for potting outside. Then bring them in and put them directly in the crate. Continue reading “Crate Training / House Breaking”